Academic year 21/22
Early Years Foundation Stage
This is our Reception year group.
Children in Reception follow the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum.
Each half term we have a new, exciting topic!
Click the link below to see our topic coverage for this academic year
Please click here for the home learning letter sent to parents. Children will bring homework tasks, reading books and word flashcards home in their book bags. Please continue to support your child's learning at home.
Click below for general information to support learning at home
Click below to have a go at our Dough Disco and exercise your fingers!
Phonics and Reading
As well as teaching and learning sounds through the books that we study, we also teach daily phonics sessions. The sequence of the sounds that we teach match with those that we explore through our topic texts. This document shows the sequence of sounds taught and how they match with our topic texts.
Reading books that children bring home have also been carefully sequenced so that when children learn sounds in class , home reading books help children to practice key phonics work at home.
The first few years of a child’s life are especially important for mathematics development. For many education experts, no other group represents a greater opportunity to improve mathematical standards than children in the early years.
The more grounded in mathematical concepts young children become, the better their later outcomes. Conversely, research shows that children who start behind in mathematics tend to stay behind throughout their educational journey.
What do we mean when we talk about Early Years?
The UK government published the Statutory Framework for the early years foundation stage in March 2017. It sets standards for the learning, development and care of children from birth to five years old.
Areas of learning
The EYFS framework outlines seven areas of learning:
Communication and language
Personal, social and emotional development
Understanding the world
Expressive art and design
Mathematics in EYFS
In the context of mathematics, the framework says children must be given opportunities to develop their skills in the following areas:
Understanding and using numbers
Calculating simple addition and subtraction problems
Describing shapes, spaces, and measure
The DfE published revised guidance in March 2021 to take effect in September 2021.
The mathematics component now incorporates many elements of the mastery approach.
Specifically, the revised framework says:
Children should be able to count confidently, develop a deep understanding of the numbers to 10, the relationships between them and the patterns within those numbers.
By providing frequent and varied opportunities to build and apply this understanding — such as using manipulatives, including small pebbles and tens frames for organising counting — children will develop a secure base of knowledge and vocabulary from which mastery of mathematics is built.
In addition, it is important that the curriculum includes rich opportunities for children to develop their spatial reasoning skills across all areas of mathematics including shape, space and measures.
It is important that children develop positive attitudes and interests in mathematics, look for patterns and relationships, spot connections, ‘have a go’, talk to adults and peers about what they notice and not be afraid to make mistakes.
Early Learning Goals
The latest framework has the following early learning goals for mathematics:
Children at the expected level of development will:
Have a deep understanding of number to 10, including the composition of each number
Subitise (recognise quantities without counting) up to five
Automatically recall (without reference to rhymes, counting or other aids) number bonds up to five (including subtraction facts) and some number bonds to 10, including double facts
Children at the expected level of development will:
Verbally count beyond 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system
Compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising when one quantity is greater than, less than or the same as the other quantity
Explore and represent patterns within numbers up to 10, including evens and odds, double facts and how quantities can be distributed equally
Reception class is the first year at primary school in England, generally for children ages four to five. Unlike every other school year, it’s not compulsory for children to attend Reception, though it’s a good way to introduce them to life at school.
Learning in the early years
The first few years of a child’s life are especially important for mathematics development, says the National Center for Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics.
Research shows that early mathematical knowledge predicts later reading ability and general education and social progress.
As young as eight months old, children are developing an awareness of number names, and include these in their speech, as soon as they begin to talk. As children listen to the talk around them, they are introduced to numbers through opportunities that occur in everyday life, and experience a variety of number rhymes. This supports their growing knowledge of number names.
According to the NCETM, there are:
Cardinality and counting
Shape and Space
Looking briefly at each in turn:
Cardinality and counting
When children understand the cardinality of numbers, they know what the numbers mean in terms of knowing how many things they refer to.
Comparing numbers involves knowing which numbers are worth more or less than each other.
Learning to ‘see’ a whole number and its parts at the same time is a key development in children’s number understanding.
Developing an awareness of pattern helps young children to notice and understand mathematical relationships.
Shape and space
Mathematically, the areas of shape and space are about developing visualising skills and understanding relationships, such as the effects of movement and combining shapes
Measuring in mathematics is based on the idea of using numbers of units in order to compare attributes, such as length or capacity.
Learning to count in the early years is a fundamental skill and key to mastering mathematical concepts in the future, but there’s more to it than you might think, says Sabrina Pinnock, a primary school teacher in Yorkshire.
According to researchers Rochel Gelman and C.R. Gallistel, these are the steps needed to successfully count:
The one-to-one principle: children must name each object they count and understand there are two groups: the one that has been counted and the one that hasn’t yet been counted
The stable order principle: children must know how to count in the right order
The cardinal principle: children need to understand the last number in the set is the total amount
Counting anything: children need to realise that anything can be counted, not just objects that can be touched, but also things like claps and jumps
Order of counting doesn’t matter: children need to understand that the order of counting in the set is irrelevant and will still lead to the same amount
Assessing children to find out which step they are struggling with is key to helping them overcome difficulties and become confident counters.
Maths- how you can help at home
Everyday questions to develop number sense
These questions for children aged five to six help develop their number sense and let them practice using mathematical terms.
When prepping lunch or a snack, count out the different types of food with your child, and as you lay the table, count out the different items. Ask your child questions like:
How many grapes are there?
How many tomatoes are there?
How many plates are there?
Practice using the terms more than, fewer than and as many as by asking:
Are there more grapes than tomatoes?
Are there fewer tomatoes than grapes?
Are there as many plates as people eating?
Remember to practice each sentence:
There are more grapes than tomatoes
There are fewer tomatoes than grapes
There are as many plates as family members eating
When counting, make sure that you count one number for one item to strengthen your child’s sense of one-to-one correspondence.
Carefully select number rhymes to include those that children are familiar with from home. Make sure the rhymes include:
Counting back and counting forward
“No” or “none” (Five little ducks went swimming one day)
Counting in pairs (two, four, six, eight, Mary at the cottage gate)
Counting to five, 10 and beyond